Wednesday, January 22, 2020

Main Economic Forecasts Essay -- Economics Economy Economical Essays

Main Economic Forecasts   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The main economic forecasts used to understand the general outlook of the economy included the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) forecast, the Administrations Forecast, the Blue Chip consensus forecasts and the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) forecast. Not all forecasts contained the required indicators for the chosen indicators: employment growth, interest rates, housing starts, and business investment. For this reason, the analysis focused on a combination of the forecasts to understand the relationships among the indicators. Gleaning the economic forecasts led to a general understanding of the economy. Conducting further research on the economic forecasts led to a richer understanding of the selected indicators. The focuses of the economic forecasts were real gross domestic product (GDP) and unemployment. The selected forecasts discussed real GDP and unemployment in depth to give the reader a general understanding of how the economy might respond in the next two years. According to the MBA, real GDP will drop in 2005 in comparison with 2004 and continue to decrease in 2006. In 2007, real GDP will increase slightly in comparison to the previous year. The MBA states the percent change in annual rates will be 4.4 in 2004, 3.8 in 2005, 3.3 in 2006 and 3.5 in 2007. According to CBO, real GDP will decrease in 2005 compared to 2004; GDP will decrease further in 2006 and continue to decrease during the 2007 through 2010. The CBO states the percentage change of real GDP was 4.4 in 2004, will be 3.8 in 2005, 3.7 in 2006 and 3.3 on average for the years 2007-2010. The Blue Chip consensus believes real GDP will decrease in 2005 compared to 2004, and continue to descend for the next two years, 2006 and 2 007. Blue Chip consensus states real GDP for 2004 as 4.4, 2005 will be 3.7, 3.4 in 2006 and 3.5 in 2007. The President’s administration believes real GDP will decrease in 2005 compared to 2004 and will continue to decrease in the next two years as well. According to the President’s administration, real GDP for 2004 was 4.4; and will be 3.7 for 2005, 3.7 for 2006 and 3.5 for 2007. The MBA believes the unemployment rate will decrease from 5.5 in 2004 to 5.2 in 2005 and continue to descend to 5.1 in 2006 and 2007. The CBO believes that unemployment will decrease from 5.5 in 2004 to 5.2 in 2005 and remain at 5.2 through 2010. Blue C... ...f Commerce. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved April 20, 2005 from http://www.bea.doc.gov/ Housing and interest rate forecast. National Association of Home Builders. Retrieved April 21, 2005, from http://www.nahb.org/generic.aspx?sectionID=138&genericContentID=631&print=true HR compensation continues to rise: Rising compensation reflects an improving economy and HR's role in corporate growth. HR Magazine. Retireved from http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_11_49/ai_n6359691 MBA long-term economic forecast. Mortgage Bankers Association. Retrieved April 20, 2005, from http://www.mortgagebankers.org/ MBA long-term mortgage finance forecast. Mortgage Bankers Association.. Retrieved April 22, 2005 from http://www.mortgagebankers.org/ MBA is most accurate. Federal Reserve of Atlanta. Retrieved April 24, 2005 from http://www.census.gov/ The budget and economic outlook: An update. Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved April 20, 2005 from http://www.cbo.gov/ Real investment in fixed assets and consumer durable goods, 1999-2003. U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieve April 20, 2005 from http://www.bea.doc.gov/

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

The History of Healthcare Informatics

The History Behind Nursing Informatics Jackie Bailey Colorado Christian University Prof. L. Rieg CIS312A: Final Paper September 26, 2012 The History Behind Nursing Informatics Nursing informatics (NI) has become a vital part of healthcare delivery and has become a defining factor in the selection, execution, and assessment of technology that supports safe, exceptional quality and patient-centered care. Nursing has become so uniform. The data in patient records has become a valuable resource and has improved assessments and overall patient care.Before the launch of nursing informatics throughout the second half of the 20th century there were not any real standards for language. The use of data restricted the function and effectiveness of any early informatics applications. Nurses began developing standardized language systems during the turn of the century. International collaborations involving different medical disciplines have led to the improvement of standards and have opened the door for strong and reliable information tools. Nurses have the ability to change and improve healthcare.They have the potential to change outcomes with the use of informatics. The use of this technology does require change; a change in the person, the institute, and the systems. Nurses are developing and applying informatics to find new knowledge and are improving the quality of care given on a global level (Edwards, H. 2011). Nurses have identified three important factors in nursing informatics: basic computer skills, informatics knowledge and information literacy (Thede, L. 2012). In the beginning there was Florence Nightingale.Not only did Nurse Nightingale pioneer the nursing profession she also started the first informatics in nursing. She stated ‘In an attempt to arrive at the truth, I have applied everywhere for information, but scarcely an instance have I been able to find hospital records fit for any purpose of comparison. If they could be obtained, they would enabl e us to decide many other questions besides the one alluded to? †¦if wisely used, these improved statistics would tell us more of the relative value of particular operations and modes of treatment than we have any means of obtaining at present.They would enable us, besides, to ascertain the influence of the hospital †¦ upon the general course of operations and diseases passing through its wards; and the truth thus ascertained would enable us to save life and suffering, and to improve the treatment and management of the sick †¦ . † (Florence Nightingale. Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Nurse Nightingale began nursing informatics by introducing three health sciences into nursing: health services research, evidenced-based practice and informatics (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. (2008).She requested that clinical records be analyzed to assess and improve care and outcomes (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. (2008). She noticed the need for change before there really was a need for change. Her efforts brought about nursing informatics and the nursing profession became more modernized. Nearly 100 years later a woman by the name of Harriet Werley started to encourage the use and growth of informatics in the nursing profession (Murphy, J. 2010). In the late 1950’s she was the first nurse to participate in research in a hospital (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). She was asked to provide consultation for IBM on the possible use of computers in healthcare (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Nurse Werley saw the benefits of computers used to store patient information and to improve patient care (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). She devised a minimum data set to be collected from every patient Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). In the 1970’s nursing informatics really began to bloom. The first records of the use of computers in the nursing field started to appear in professional and scholarly literature (Murphy, J. 2010).Nursing care plans b egan to focus on reducing the amount of documentation and keeping it as accurate and as detailed as possible (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Another system focused on patient scheduling in a rehabilitation setting (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Nurses at a California hosptial assisted in developing the first comprehensive hospital information system and helped integrat the system for nursing care planning, documentation, and feedback (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). They developed the standard care plans that are used throughout the world today (Ozbolt, J. G. Saba, V. K. 2008). Another big achievement of this decade was the introduction of the first commercial electronic medical record (Thede, L. 2012). This new system was patient-oriented and was implemented throughout the hospital (Thede, L. 2012). Nursing informatics really gained momentum in the 1980’s. The first national conference on computer technology and nursing was held (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008) . Scholarships and the first educational courses on Nursing Informatics were introduced into the nursing programs at Boston College, University of New York and University of Utah (Ozbolt, J.G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). The growing record of accomplishment allowed nurses to move into managerial roles (Edwards, H. 2011). By the mid ‘80’s, nearly three decades after Nurse Werley pushed for minimum data sets, was the idea finally embraced by nurse professionals (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Four specific elements of the minimum data set became a standard for nursing care: nursing diagnosis, nursing intervention, nursing outcome and the intensity of the care provided (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). Beginning in the 1990’s a real change was noticed.The technological advances that had been made were astonishing (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). A new technology called the internet had been introduced allowing for worldwide communication of healthcare information (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). In 1994 the American Nurses Association published the first versions of the â€Å"Scope of Nursing Informatics Practice† and the â€Å"Standards of Nursing Informatics Practice†. In 1995, the American Nurses Credentialing Center started the basic certification in nursing informatics as an area of specialty practice (Ozbolt, J. G. Saba, V. K. 2008). Also in 1994, the American Nurses Association (ANA) published the first definition of nursing informatics: â€Å"Nursing Informatics is the specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science in identifying, collecting, processing, and managing data and information to support nursing practice, administration, education, research, and the expansion of nursing knowledge. † (Murphy, J. 2010). The International Classification of Nursing Practices was initiated by three nurses throughout the world (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008).The 1990’s were a big decade for the advancement of nursing informatics. The first journal pertaining to informatics in nursing was initiated and it was online. The Online Journal of Nursing Informatics hit the wires in 1996. This online publication focused, and still focuses on publishing peer-review articles, scientific papers, review articles, practice-based articles and data bases related to nursing informatics (McGonigle, D. , Seymour, R. , Englebardt, S. , Allen, M. , Chang, B. 2001). This journal is currently published with the amazing staff of one (McGonigle, D. , Seymour, R. Englebardt, S. , Allen, M. , Chang, B. 2001). In the 2000’s and today nursing has the tools and the terminology, which had taken years of development with the collaboration of numerous nursing professionals globally (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). A standardized language had been developed and nursing terminology and data standards were implemented mainstream (Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. 2008). In 2004 nursi ng informatics had blown up. Education had accelerated and nursing informatics had become a staple in healthcare. Knowledge discovery methods were the key in discovering risks in health.Nurses knew that the discovery of knowledge brings the responsibility of that knowledge and with this information nursing care is the best it has ever been (Murphy, J. 2010). In 2001 the definition of nursing informatics was expanded by the ANA. They described it as: A specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, and knowledge in nursing practice. NI facilitates the integration of data, information, and knowledge to support patients, nurses, and other providers in their decision-making in all roles and settings.This support is accomplished through the use of information structures, information processes, and IT (Murphy, J. 2010). And in 2008, the current definition of nursing informatics was published. It was essenti ally the same as the first published definition in 1994, however, now includes the additional concept of wisdom. It reads â€Å"NI is a specialty that integrates nursing science, computer science, and information science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice. † (Murphy, J. 2010).Additionally, the ANA published three editions of Nursing Informatics Scope and Standards of Practice (ANA. 2008). We as nurses must remember that change is always a difficult thing to embrace. By studying information in an informatics prospective discover how to deliver care and support decisions more effectively and safely, with better outcomes for all constituencies. Informatics tools can support the translation of knowledge into practice, but changing the behavior of people, organizations, and systems requires collaboration across a range of disciplines.Nursing and healthcare will always be ever-changing. Change and collaborations for implementing c hange are fundamental in the education of nurses today. Today nurses are able to access new information and resources easier and faster than ever. Nurses are constantly being challenged to amalgamate new resources on a cognitive, psychomotor and executive level. Nurses of the future can learn technological skills and expand their knowledge and wisdom and can utilize the data.They are encouraging the changes to take place for the nursing practice and healthcare systems by learning, implementing and teaching. Change and evolution through informatics will only improve healthcare and will save more lives. Nursing informatics has become a well established specialty within the nursing field. Solid fundamentals have been laid out over the past 25 years and NI has become an essential part of healthcare delivery despite the many barriers yet to be overcome. It is influenced by environmental, political, economic and professional forces.The change that nurses are bringing are being influenced by new up-and-coming concepts of health and illness, advancements in the field of medical science, the patterns of diseases, demographics and an increasing ability to meet the needs of disease management and prevention as well as the needs of the patients and their families through the use of technology, knowledge and wisdom. As the specialty of nursing informatics continues to evolve new knowledge and technology will be available making the role of the nurse much more important and powerful and making the care and outcomes of each person served improved.It is how the nurse participates in saving a life; one step at a time. References Edwards, H. (2011). Nursing informatics: past, present and future. Retrieved from www. theconference. ca/nursing-informatics. Murphy, J. (2010). Nursing informatics: the intersection of nursing, computer, and information sciences. Nursing Economics, vol. 28, Iss. 3, 204-7, May/June 2010. Anthony J. Jannetti, Inc. Pitman, USA. Retrieved from http://ezpr oxy. ccu. edu/login? url=http://search. proquest. com/docview/577364695? accountid=10200. Ozbolt, J. G. , Saba, V. K. (2008). A brief history of nursing informatics in the United States of America.Mosby’s Nursing Consult. Vol. 56, Iss. 5, September 2008. American Nurses Association. (2008). Retrieved from: http://www. nursingworld. org/HomepageCategory/NursingInsider/Archive_1/2008NI/Jan08NI/RevisedNursingInformaticsPracticeScopeandStandardsofPractice. html. Thede, L. , (January 23, 2012) â€Å"Informatics: Where Is It? † OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 17 No. 1. McGonigle, D. , Seymour, R. , Englebardt, S. , Allen, M. , Chang, B. (March 1, 2001) â€Å"The Online Journal of Nursing Informatics (OJNI)† Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. Vol. 6 No. 2. CIS312A, Healthcare InformaticsStudent Self-Grading Grid for APA Format Instructions: Complete and submit this form with your final scholarly paper by the due date listed on the Due Dates page. E ach item in the category needs to be checked for compliance. Name:Jackie Bailey |Met/Not Met |Criteria | | |General | | |Margins, 1 in on all sides | |Entire document is double space | |M |Times New Roman, Font 12 is used for entire document | | |Text alignment – left & not justified (there will be an uneven right margin) | | |Paragraphs are indented ? nches | | |Spelling and grammar are correct | | |Paper is 3-5 pages, not including Title page and Reference page | | |Title page | |M |Title information is centered in the upper half of title page | |(section break not met, |Title of paper on first line; student name on second line; faculty name on 3rd line; course & course number on 4th | |couldn’t figure out how |line; date on 5th line | |to do it) |Running head is present [Running head: ALL CAPITAL TITLE] in header, left justified | | |Page number is in upper right hand (in the header box) | | |Title page and first page of body is separated by a section break | | |Bod y of document | | |Title is centered at the top of the first page of the body of document | | |Headings used, if appropriate (frequently this is very helpful) | | |An introductory/background paragraph begins the paper | | |All paragraphs have at least 2 sentences; no paragraphs longer than 2/3 of a page | |M |Paragraphs contain only one topic |(except page break) |Transition sentence at end of paragraph provides logical flow to next paragraph | | |All citations are in appropriate format | | |All citations in the body are also listed in the reference page | | |Short quotations (less than 40 words or 4 lines) have quotation marks and a page number in the in-text citation | | |Long quotes (>40 words or > 4 lines are typed in free standing block format with all lines at ? inch left indent of| | |paragraph and without quotation marks | | |quotes are enclosed in quotation marks | | |Body and Reference page are separated by a page break |Met/Not Met |Criteria | | |Mechanics of Writin g | | |Proper use of colons, commas, & semicolons | | |Spacing: one space after commas, semicolons, colons | | |Spacing: two spaces at the end of each sentence | | |Abbreviations: Use sparingly: first time in document name spelled out completely with abbreviations in parenthesis,| |M |abbreviation used after first time | | |Pronouns and possessive nouns are used correctly | | |Parallel structure present | | |Tense is consistent (doesn’t go from future, to present, to past tense) | | Numbers: Numbers that begin sentence are spelled out; words are generally used to express numbers less than 10 | | |Reference Page | | |The word References is centered and at the top of page | | |Hanging indent is used for all references (not enter and tabbed in) | |M |All references are in the proper format (books, journals, web sites etc. ) | | |All references cited are also in the document | | |All references in the body are also in the reference list | | |References are in alphabetical order | CIS 312, Healthcare Informatics Final Scholarly Paper Grading Grid Scholarly Paper Grading Grid |Points Possible |Points Received | |Criteria | | | |APA & Word Formatting |45 | | |Paper set up using all principles of APA & Word (15) | | | |Title Page (5) | | | |Text Body (5) | | | |Reference Page (5) | | | |All references cited in the body were included in the reference page. No references were included | | | |in the reference page that were not cited in the body of the paper. | | |APA Grammar (15) | | | |Good principles of sentence structure, language, and writing mechanics were followed. | | | |Paper is 3-5 pages not including the Title Page and References Page | | | |Self Grading Form |10 | | |Paper was graded, using form.All items on form was accurately marked as met – or explanation | | | |given; Form was submitted with final paper | | | |Quality of References |25 | | |At least 6 references were used that came from scholarly journals or quality web sites, as | | | |iden tified in the CINAHL/web search activity | | | |Content & Clarity of writing style | | | |Content and flow of paper demonstrated good writing principles; changes, based on faculty feedback | | | |from preliminary outline were included. | | |Introduction to topic was compelling (20) | | | |Body included major points (35) | | | |Summary helped the reader understand the importance and essence of the topic (15) | | | | | | | | |70 | | |TOTAL POINTS

Monday, January 6, 2020

The Story Of Rye - 1093 Words

There had been enough time for something to change but almost everything was the exact same. Again Rye found herself travelling on a bus to go search for something, now knowing her brother is in fact dead she wasn t exactly sure if what she was searching for was real. The only difference was that she now had the weight of two pre-teens. She felt it best for them to be as cautious as she had been while travelling around a decade ago. Each child had their own piece to communicate what their name was without using their words, it’s safer. Sitting on these benches Rye looked at them, the girl was the spitting image of her dead mother long curly dirty blond hair, a button nose, freckles, green eyes, and the perfect height for her age. Her was brother only slightly taller, with a darker skinned tone, and features almost exactly the opposite of his sister. The only feature similar was their hair texture. Rye would never admit this to anyone but there were times like the present that she regrets the events leading up to this very moment. The deja vu of running away except this time with hope. Being a teacher in the past and a lover of reading and imagery Rye learned to become a very observant person. Something she tried to teach the children. On the bus everyone seemed to distracted. Rye saw that most people looked outside the window or showed some kind of sign that they weren t completely disabled in some form or another. Upside to her past she had something to compare this busShow MoreRelatedThe Catcher in the Rye: Story of a Troubled Teen956 Words   |  4 Pages J.D. Salingers novel, The Catcher In The Rye, attempts to show the reader the life of a regular boy with troubles on his mind. The rich and troubled Holden Caufield is that boy. His parents are quite wealthy and want Holden to be successful in life as well, but they do not nurture Holden with the amount of love that is necessary. Holden feels the absence of love, which causes him to suffer a variety of emotional problems. Holden needs direction in his life because he constantly struggles to findRead MoreThe Catcher in the Rye as a Coming-of-Age Story Essay841 Words   |  4 PagesCatcher in the Rye can be read as a coming-of-age story. How does Holden’s Character change or mature during the course of the novel? To what extent are there TWO Holden Caulfields in the book, and what is the difference between them? The novel ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ by J.D Salinger is a coming-of-age story. It follows the short tale of Holden Caulfield, a sixteen year old boy, who throughout his experiences in the novel, changes and becomes more mature and independent. The story essentially hasRead MoreThe Catcher in the Rye: Holden Caulfields Coming of Age Story2349 Words   |  10 PagesD. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, Salinger’s main character Holden Caulfield matures throughout the course of the novel. In the beginning of the novel, Holden is a juvenile young man. However, through his experiences, Holden is able to learn, and is finally able to become somewhat mature by the end of the novel. In The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield’s story represents a coming of age for all young adults. In the beginning of The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield is an immatureRead MoreF. Salinger s The Catcher s The Rye 1614 Words   |  7 Pagesshelves, also the best novel read in class. The Catcher in the Rye is a novel commonly found on psychopaths’ shelves and no one has ever found out why. It is a remarkable novel that has been banned in the past but is also studied today in schools around the world. In Mr. Capilongo’s grade 9 AP English class, three novels were read following the theme of â€Å"The teen experience†: To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger, and The Chrysalids, by John Wyndham. The classRead MoreThe Importance of Censoring in The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger1145 Words   |  5 Pagesauthor well known for his best seller The Catcher in the Rye, a considerably influential novel that portrayed the feelings of alienation that were experienced by adolescents in North America after World War II (J.D. Salinger Biography). Salinger’s work appeared in many magazines, including a series of short stories which inspired many new authors (J.D. Salinger Biography). His inspiration for Pe ncey Prep boarding school in The Catcher in the Rye stemmed from his own difficult education at a militaryRead MoreEssay on The Theme of Innocence in The Catcher In the Rye996 Words   |  4 PagesIn many novels the title of the story is more important than most people initially think. It often reveals important information about the story. In The Catcher In the Rye, Holden says that his dream job would to be the catcher in rye. This is significant to the story because of how Holden feels that adults are trying to ruin the innocence of children, and how he can be the one that saves them. Holden then realizes he cannot always be the one to save the children. This is show throughout the bookRead Morethe catcher in the rye ENG15011013 Words   |  5 PagesUnique Number: 842634 Assignment 2: Fiction, Literary Criticism and Drama. Question (b): Introduction to English Literary Studies Topic(i): The Catcher in the Rye Instruction First read the third chapter of Introduction to English Literary Studies (â€Å"The Novel†). Then go to p. 102 and answer the questions on The Catcher in the Rye under the heading â€Å"Time to Write†. Task Write a list of things that Holden says in the first paragraph of the novel and on pages 5-6 that strike you as interestingRead MoreAnalysis Of Characters And Themes Of The Catcher Rye 1537 Words   |  7 Pages Analysis of Characters and Themes in The Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger was born in 1919 to a wealthy Manhattan family. He grew up in the same social conditions as Holden Caulfield does in The Catcher in the Rye. The last thing Salinger cared about was being a successful student because he was very lazy, without care for his responsibilities and tasks. Salinger flunked out of many prep schools, and his parents sent him to a military academy named Valley Forge in Pennsylvania, where he graduatedRead More Catcher in the Rye Essay: Levels of Meaning902 Words   |  4 Pages Levels of Meaning in The Catcher in the Rye nbsp; Protected by a cocoon of naivetà ©, Holden Caulfield, the principal character in the novel, The Catcher in the Rye, therapeutically relates his lonely 24 hour stay in downtown New York city, experiencing the phony adult world while dealing with the death of his innocent younger brother.nbsp; Through this well-developed teenage character, JD Salinger, uses simple language and dialogue to outline many of the complex underlying problems hauntingRead MoreJ.b. Salinger s A Perfect Day For Bananafish 1714 Words   |  7 Pagessome short stories. But his career as a writer was interrupted by World War II. He was drafted into the war in 1942 and was moved to the Counter-Intelligence Corps in 1943. The next year he trained in England, joined the American Army’s Fourth Division, and landed at Utah Beach on D-Day. He then served in five European campaigns as Security Agent for the Twelfth Infantry Regiment. After the war he started his writing career back up for the New Yorker. Some o f his most popular stories include his

Sunday, December 29, 2019

Persuasive Essay On Cheating - 1052 Words

Is it okay to cheat? What does it mean to cheat? Just like everything else in life, the answer to both questions depend on who you ask. If you were to ask a college student what cheating is they would most likely respond with â€Å"copying a classmate’s paper†. However, if you were to ask a professor at the same university what cheating was they might respond with â€Å"any form of copying another person’s work, ideas, methods, etc. without giving credit†. This leaves the experimenter with a question: why does the same question receive such different answers? These two answers differ because of one idea: rationale. To the student, cheating isn’t as serious of a deal as the professors believe it is. Students most often believe that cheating†¦show more content†¦In other words, the student’s intuition once again falsely convinced them that it would be okay to cheat if someone else was doing it as well. At Randolph-Macon College cheating is not accepted on any level. The Code of Academic Integrity explicitly outlines every possible situation that comes up and explains how and why it is a violation. This relates to Ariely’s concepts because while a student may believe that what they are doing is just a minor offense or not worth disputing about, the code states otherwise. For example, if a student believes that using a translator to help them with their foreign language homework is acceptable, they would be wrong. In addition, students have also read and agreed to the code so there typically isn’t a gray area when incidents happen. The code also states the possible punishments that could be distributed upon violating the code. Finally, the code clearly informs the student what is at stake and should diminish the chances of a cognitive illusion from happening. So far, Ariely’s ideas have only be reference in an educational setting but they can also be related to the business world. Is it okay for an employee to take a pen from the office? How about a pack of printer paper? Or is it okay to just add one more zero to your company’s financial report to show a little more profitability? This idea of cheating carries over into businesses and their employees as well. Most peopleShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay : Student Cheating729 Words   |  3 Pages Student Cheating Persuasive Essay It’s no secret that every teacher as encountered one of their students cheating off one another; whether because they didn’t study the night before or because in their mind, they felt the need to. Nowadays, in many schools; student cheating is a very common case that’s occurring much more often and occur for various reasons. Whether it may be unpreparedness, lack of time management or focusing on the lesson. Student cheating couldn’t possibly be stopped by administratorsRead MorePersuasive Essay On Cheating931 Words   |  4 Pagesbelieve for that week, on purple hall, which is where my team was located, had been studying a set of etymology words. Earlier that week on Monday, the team had a meeting to talk about cheating, respect, and about having cliques or squads. On the topic of cheating, our teachers said that if we were ever caught cheating on a test or quiz, that it would be an automatic referral. Me, being my dumb and lazy self, didn’t study for the etymology that we were given at the beginning of the week and we wereRead MorePersuasive Essay About Cheating In School1567 Words   |  7 PagesAn enormous problem in schools throughout all of America is cheating. Individuals have been trying to solve these issues since they first arose long ago. Cheating in school can cause serious consequences, whether the teacher catches the cheater or not. Throughout my 12 years of school, I have seen my fair share of cheating. Seeing cheating during school is infuriating, and this issue must dissipate. The solution to this problem may be far from our reach, but people have created a few alternativesRead MoreEssay on should students be allowed to use cell phones in school1043 Words   |  5 PagesVernon School Room 218 Persuasive Essay / Cellular Telephone Cell Phones: Many American youth now have cell phones that they carry with them everywhere .Should cell phones be allowed at school ?Many teachers and students claim that phones are distracting while many parents and students insist that phones are necessary. Write a persuasive essay explaining your position on the issue. Although not everybody would agree,Read MoreAnalysis Of The Article A Question Of Honor 952 Words   |  4 PagesSebastian Poe CO150.801 Kathryn Hulings Essay #1 Plagiarism, by almost every light, is a serious problem deserving of time, attention and care. However, its prevention is a complex, difficult question, complicated by excessive sloth and lack of action from administrators. The article â€Å"A Question of Honor†, written by William Chace, a professor and concerned citizen, is effective at reaching its intended audience. Largely, the intended audience is students, professors, and administrators who areRead MoreThe Journey Of Life s Journey867 Words   |  4 Pagesthesis with evidence. The units will focus on the details of good writing practices from style to citation methodology. Because the ultimate objective of this journey is to improve your ability to write clear, grammatically-sound expository and persuasive text, every unit will include a â€Å"Terms to Know,† and will be focusing on specific issues. In order to complete this journey, you will need to work through each unit and all of its assigned materials. The journey builds upon itself from one unitRead MoreA Brief Note On The Dual Enrollment English1248 Words   |  5 Pageshow I would edit. Not only did Smarthinking help me edit better, but it was also very helpful to have another person’s opinion on my essays. Having a random tutor was perfect because I do not like having my friends read my writing. Overall, without revising my editing process, all of the other writing skills I have learned this year would not have shown in my essays. In addition to learning how to become a better editor, I also learned about APA format this year. At first it was pretty frustratingRead MorePlagiarism And The Ethics Of Plagiarism926 Words   |  4 PagesMany scholars and parents have heard the term â€Å"plagiarism† while talking about writing essays, poems, and other works. Plagiarism is defined as â€Å"to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one s own† by Merriam-Webster dictionary. While plagiarism may be denoted as stealing one’s work without credit, a more vast and broad definition usually applies to college level work. Every college and university has their own handbook and code of conduct on what exactly â€Å"plagiarism† is defined asRead MoreWhen an author writes a piece of work, they go through several drafts before they feel that their1300 Words   |  6 Pageswriter is grammar. I tend to misuse commas a lot, which on my essays were labeled â€Å"comma splices.† In the first few essays that I wrote, I had a few of these comma splices. For example in my summary essay I wrote, â€Å"Julie spent two years in Indonesia studying and performing, she had become one of the family in the village where she stayed.† That comma should not have been put there. I had the same comma splice problem in my critique essay. I wrote, â€Å"She partook in an experimental problem that onlyRead MoreThe Importance of Reference and Cite1026 Words   |  5 Pagesin the first part of this essay. Then, the essential characteristics of the Harvard system of referencing will be described. The main reason for referencing is to avoid plagiarism. Northedge (2005) defines plagiarism as the act of using somebody else’s words as your own, without acknowledgement. Indeed, in the academic environment, if students do not give credit to the original source while they reformulate the idea of ​​another person, it is seen as a form of cheating. Referencing is anchored

Saturday, December 21, 2019

The Liberty Amendments Review - 2628 Words

The Liberty Amendments: Review In his book, â€Å"The Liberty Amendments† Mark Levin argues well on how the slow creep of federal power in the United States has slowly disenfranchised the local government under the guise of propagating and deifying a ‘national government approved’ form of democracy. The people received a message of nationalism, and personal power while at the same time receiving a watered down version of what the founding fathers had originally intended. Levin paints a picture of the founding fathers not as antiquated caricatures as they are presented in children’s cartoons, but of well-educated, historically minded, philosophical men who thoughtfully pieced together a government so as to safe guard it from the ‘soft tyranny’ we see rampant in today’s current governmental system. What is perhaps the most startling to me in reading Mark Levin’s is in regards to the 5th Amendment. The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress. It is remarkable to me that thisShow MoreRelatedThe Liberties Of The United States Constitution1497 Words   |  6 Pagesfirst 10 commandments in the United States Constitution, otherwise known as the Bill of Rights, for protection over their personal liberties from the United States government. These personal liberties include, but are not limited to: The freedom of religion, speech, and press, the protection of privacy, and the right to life, liberty, and property. These personal liberties protected by the government, from the government, have always been strictly enforced with no unknown territory. That is until approximatelyRead MoreWhat is Due Process?1022 Words   |  4 Pagesbe set up to control this new land but so would rights also be needed. Let us now take a look at the system called Due Process and its roots. Due Process What is Due Process. The United State or any state may not deprive citizens of â€Å"life, liberty, or property† without due process of law. This right is given under the articles of the constitution and is found in more than on the section that the government has to follow rules and established procedures in everything it does. It cannot, forRead MoreDefining The Bill Of Rights1075 Words   |  5 PagesDefining the Bill of Rights and Amendments to the Constitution Originally the Constitutional framers did not include a list of specific liberties. These liberties later would become a Bill of Rights. Many of the founding fathers did not believe it was necessary to spell out these individual liberties because they felt that the U.S. Constitution already made it clear what the limits on the government’s powers were. Soon it would become more evident that the Constitution didn’t go far enough in addressingRead MoreMillian Principles, Freedom of Expression, and Hate Speech1350 Words   |  5 Pagesessentially all speech, including hate speech, should be allowed. This claim holds its validity as long as no harm is done to an individual. Here, I will show that low value speech fails to engage deliberative views that underlie central first amendment fundamental liberties. Subsequently, I will support these claims by comparing the aspects of hate speech to low value speech. Lastly, I advocate for the prohibition against the use of hate s peech in a university setting. In Brink’s discussion of, Millian PrinciplesRead MoreThe Lovings v. The State of Virginia913 Words   |  4 Pagesto the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which assigned Bernard S. Cohen and Philip J. Hirschkop to the case. The Loving’s sought review of a judgment from the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia which held that Virginia Code sections 20-58 and 20-59, which were adopted by to prevent marriages between persons solely on the basis of racial classification, did not violate the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the United States Constitution Fourteenth Amendment. The appellants arguedRead MoreArticle Vii Of The U.s. Constitution State That Laws Passed By Congress946 Words   |  4 PagesVI is intended to state that the rights and liberties of citizens are secure. Unless the government can prove that it has a very good reason to control individual’s freedom. By virtue of being human, all individuals are in possessions of certain natural rights, such as the right to a free trial and freedom of speech, freedom of religion. Civil liberties are freedoms that are guaranteed protection of people from an over-powerful government. Civil liberties are rights that cannot be restricted by governmentRead MoreThe Flag Resolution Act Of The United States1623 Words   |  7 Pagesthe enact their first amendment right: â€Å"Congress shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press . . . to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.†(U.S Constitution) Throughout the rest of the country s history, Congress has pushed for a Flag Desecration Act and even further as an amendment to the U.S Constitution. While the ignore the Supreme Court and their constituents who value their 1st amendment rights, the decided toRead MoreThe Constitutional Framers Did Not Be A Bill Of Rights1065 Words   |  5 PagesOriginally the Constitutional framers did not include a list of specific liberties. These liberties later would become a Bill of Rights. Many of the founding fathers did not believe it was necessary to spell out these individual liberties because they felt that the U.S. Constitution already made it clear what the limits on the government’s powers were. Soon it would become more evident that the Constitution didn’t go far enough in addressing the issue of national power. As the ratification debatesRead MoreThe Role Of The Amendments And The Bill Of Rights1242 Words   |  5 Pagesfamiliar with from the United Kingdom. The Constitution and the Amen dments are the basis for the criminal system in this country and the procedures for the courts and the law enforcement community. In this essay, the role of the amendments and the Bill of Rights will be examined as they relate to the court system and the criminal justice system as a whole. One of the significant amendments in criminal policy is the Fourth Amendment. The documents notable components are; the right to be free fromRead MoreTerminiello v. Chicago Essay578 Words   |  3 Pagesit failed to provide support for the First Amendment? 3. Was the inclusion of Terminiellos speech as a violation of the Chicago ordinance on disorderly conduct unconstitutional? 1. Facts: 1. Assumption/Application: 1. Conclusion: The Supreme Court exercised its interpretation of the Constitution and found that a violation of the First Amendment was apparent and therefore, also a violation of the fourteenth Amendment showing that due process of the law was not

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Persuasive Essay About Smoking Example For Students

Persuasive Essay About Smoking Should unhealthy products be banned form advertising? That question answer is yes. I started looking into information on this subject and found many startling facts. I had so much information on the effects of these harmful products that I limited writing only about tobacco. Advertising can further help these merchants of death peddle their products. Perhaps the adverting along with the product should be banned. This year alone cigarettes will kill over 420,000 Americans, and many more will suffer from cancers, and circulatory and respiratory system diseases1. These horrible illnesses were known to originate from cigarettes for years, and recently nicotine, the main chemical additive in cigarettes, was declared addictive by the Food and Drug Administration. This explains why smokers continue to use cigarettes even though smokers are aware of the constantly warned about health dangers in cigarettes. Although smokers constitute the majority of people who suffer from cigarettes, they are not the only ones ailing from cigarette smoke. As UC San Francisco scientist and author Stanton Glantz estimates in Shari Roans article, the amount of second-hand smoke inhaled by the typical nonsmoker is equivalent to one cigarette smoked per day.1 Even that amount of cigarette smoke can damage a persons heart. Some researchers have also concluded that smoking by pregnant women causes the deaths of over 5,000 babies and 115,000 miscarriages.2 The only way to terminate the suffering and loss of life brought upon by cigarettes exists as a complete proscription on them. Opponents to the banning of cigarettes argue that it will create a profound negative impact on the economy. They do not realize that this nation places the health of its citizens above its financial status. Although many people continue to remain convinced that absolving our country of cigarettes does not merit some economical loss, this remains as a necessary step in eradicating our country of these opponents of life. For years cigarettes have been known to cause cancer, emphysema, and other horrible illnesses. The deaths of over 420,000 of Americans this year will be attributable to cigarettes. With all the other causes of preventable deaths, alcohol, illegal drugs, AIDS, suicide, transportation accidents, fires, and guns, cigarettes still account for more preventable deaths than those do combined, as stated by Lonnie Bris tow M.D. of the American Medical Association at her speech to Indiana University.3 We can no longer stand aside and watch fellow Americans die because they smoke cigarettes. Thousands of smokers try to rid themselves of cigarettes but cant because of the physiological dependence they develop, chiefly imputable to its chemical additive nicotine.4 Nicotine was recently declared addictive by the Food and Drug Administration, which explains why many smokers continue to smoke despite the numerous health warnings on cigarette smoking. Although cigarettes do not offer as intense an effect as drugs like heroin and cocaine, they rank higher in the level of dependence it creates in the user. Since cigarettes fit in the array of regulated addictive drugs, they should also be regulated like those in the same array as cigarettes. David Kesslar of the Food and Drug Administration says in a letter to an antismoking coalition, cigarette manufacturers may intend that their products contain nicotine to satisfy an addictionAlthough technology to remove nicotine from cigarettes was developed years ago cigarette manufacturers shun it. Instead they control with precision the amount of nicotine in their products, ensuring that it will maintain an addiction..4 Nicotine engenders it almost impossible for cigarette smokers to quit smoking because of its addictive nature, and with the cigarette manufacturers manipulating the amount nicotine the only manner available remains to outlaw cigarettes. The health of tens of thousands of nonsmoking Americans a year are affected by cigarette smokers. Of those who do not smoke 53,000 will die and countless others will suffer from cardiovascular diseases as reported by the American Heart Association.5 Scott Ballin of the Coalition on Smoking or Health says that, The scientific evidence continues to accumulate that says there is this connection to secondhand smoke and cardiovascular disease..6 Why should smokers be allowed enjoy their cigarettes at the expense of those who do not? By permitting the smoking of cigarettes the United States government denies the right the fifth amendment gave its citizens, nor be deprived of life, libertyA report published from the Cardiovascular Research Institute at UC San Francisco specifically explains how secondhand smoke affects a nonsmokers body: it reduces the bodys ability to deliver oxygen to the heart because the carbon monoxide produced by the cigarettes competes with the oxygen for binding sites on red blood cells, it increases the amount of lactatea salt derived from lactic acid in blood, making it more difficult to exercise, it activates blood platelets, the cells which cause cuts to form scabs, causing blood clots in the arteries, and it irritates tissue damage after a heart attack.7 Dr. Homayoun Kazemi of Harvard University states that, studies are showingsmall amounts of.cigarette smoke are having greater effects on the non smokers system..7 If cigarettes were outlawed not only would we be saving millions of smokers, but also thousands of nonsmokers as well. Opponents to the banning of cigarettes base their arguments on the possible negative impact that may transpire on Americas economy. Such arguments include statements like ex-smokers could live longer and receive greater Social Security and Medicare payments, and that tobacco farmers would lose a large piece of their revenue8. The first argument makes Americans appear to be burdens to this country, and by smoking cigarettes they make themselves less of a nuisance by killing themselves. The opponents second statement about tobacco farmers is misleading because farmers also sell their tobacco for cigars, and in addition to tobacco hundreds of varieties of other cash crops may also be planted. The benefits of outlawing cigarettes greatly outnumber the disadvantages, for example, many scientists believe a link between smoking and a shortened life span exists between the two, a ban on cigarettes could incre ase life spans; many studies suggest that billions of dollars now spent on smoking related illnesses create health care savings; smoking related ailments could be reduced by outlawing cigarettes, and companies could garner an added $8.4 billion; families could save money by not purchasing cigarettes; and accidental fires costing millions of dollars caused by cigarettes would cease.8 With almost only benefits attached to a proscription of cigarettes, the next logical step is to outlaw them. Although a complete ban on cigarettes currently remains far from attainment, several organizations recently helped create a bill that could control cigarettes much in the same way the government now controls drugs. One such organization, the Food and Drug Administration, headed by David Kesslar drafted a major part, which would: require manufacturers to disclose the 700 chemical additives in cigarettes; reduce or prohibit the level of harmful chemical additives; require cigarette companies to warn of the addictive nature of nicotine; restrict tobacco advertising and promotion; and control the level of nicotine cigarettes contain.9 9As we near a complete ban on cigarettes many fights will be fought, but eventually cigarettes will be eliminated. Bristow, Lonnie. Protecting Youth from the Tobacco Industry. Vital Speeches of the Day 60 (1994): 333-336. Brownlee, Shannon, Steven V. Roberts. Should Cigarettes Be Outlawed?. U.S. News World Report 18 Apr. 1994: 33-38. Carey, John. Its Time For Regulators To Stop Blowing Smoke. Business Week 14 Mar. 1994: 34. Cooper, Mary H. Regulating tobacco: Can the FDA Break Americas Smoking Habit?. CQ Researcher 4 (1994): 841, 843+. FDA Mulls Over Cigarette Ban. Science News 145 (1994): 190. A Habit That Continues to Kill America.. Editorial. Los Angeles Times 10 Mar. 1995, metro ed.: B6 Hilts, Philip J. Science Times: Is Nicotine Addictive? It depends on whose criteria you use. New York Times 2 Aug. 1994, current events ed.: A3 5,600 Infant De aths Tied to Mothers Smoking. New York Times 13 Apr. 1995, current events ed.: A23. Infante, Esme J. Panel: Nicotine Addictive. USA TODAY 3 Aug. 1994, natl. ed.: A1 Leary, Warren E. U.S. Ties Secondhand Smoke to Cancer. New York Times 8 Jan. 1993, current events ed.: A14 Nowack, Rachel. Health Policy: Looking Ahead to Cigarette Regulation. Science 265 (1994): 863-864. Roan, Sharon. Secondhand Smokes Damaging Effects Analyzed. Los Angeles Times 5 Apr. 1995, metro ed.: A3. Rumpf, Eva A. Secondhand Smoke Puts You at a Risk. Current Health 2 19.3 (1992): 20-21 Stone, Richard. Bad News on Second-Hand Smoke. Science 257 (1992): 601 Roan, Shari. Secondhand Smokes Damaging Effects Analyzed. Los Angeles Times 5 Apr. 1995, metro ed.: A3. 2 5,600 Infant Deaths Tied to Mothers Smoking. New York Times 13 Apr. 1995, current events ed.: A23. 3 Bristow, Lonnie. Protecting Youth from the Tobacco Industry. Vital Speeches of the Day 60 (1994): 333-336. 4 FDA mulls over cigarette ban. Science News 145 (1994): 190. 5 Rumpf, Eva A. Secondhand Smoke Puts You at a Risk. Current Health 2 19..3 (1992): 20-216 Hilts, Philip J. Science Times: Is nicotine addictive? It depends on whose criteria you use. New York Times 2 Aug. 1994, current events ed.: A3 7 Roan, Shari. Secondhand Smokes Damaging Effects Analyzed. Los Angeles Times 5 Apr. 1995, metro ed.: A3. 8 Shannon Brownlee and Steven V. Roberts,Should Cigarettes Be Outlawed?. U.S. News World Report Apr. 1994: 33-38. 9 Shannon Brownlee and Steven V. Roberts,Should Cigarettes Be Outlawed?. U.S. News World Report Apr. 1994: 33-38. Words/ Pages : 1,755 / 24 .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .postImageUrl , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:hover , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:visited , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:active { border:0!important; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:active , .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37 .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7886c152f3eae0d610c1616d63af6f37:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Dress Codes in Schools Essay